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Melanin is the pigment of the skin. It is producing in the deepest layers of the epidermis and its main function is to protect us from the radiation of the sun. The amount of melanin you have on your skin is characteristic of each person and is determined by your genetics, sun exposure, and hormones. In addition, factors such as stress or photosensitizing drug treatments can cause these lesions.
Common types of pigmentation:



The most common type of pigmentation is ephelides or freckles. These develop after repeated exposure to sunlight, particularly if you have a fair complexion. They appear darker during the sunny months and fade in the winter. Heredity also influences freckling.



Also referred to as liver spots or sun spots, these are pigmented spots with a clearly defined edge. They may occur anywhere on the body and vary in color from light brown to black. These spots are caused by UV sun exposure and the degree depends on how much UV light these melanin pigments are exposed to. There are other kinds of lentigines, known as,  senile lentigines or aging spots. Those lessons due to the intrinsic aging of the skin.  All those must be monitored as they may develop into skin cancer and melanoma. Annual checks with your skin specialist are essential.


This is a response to injury of the skin and can be the result of acne, burns, friction or aggressive clinical treatments such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser and IPL. This condition often resolves with time and generally responds to topical products, although it can recur, in some cases may be permanent or temporary.



Melasma or chloasma is a pigmentation that is deeper in the skin’s dermis. It appears on the face as larger brown patches with a non-distinct border.  This type of pigmentation is more common in women. Though causes are unknown, it is often stimulated by hormonal increases. 
The condition is made worse with UV exposure, some medications, pregnancy, and stress.

Treatment options

In our center, we offer you an assessment for the correct diagnosis of this skin condition and we suggest treatment or combination of treatments based on laser technology is suitable.
All the pigmentation conditions are challenging to treat because of multifactorial causes, many studies have found that the combination of treatments is necessary to achieve results.
The combination of creams and sunscreens remain the cornerstone of therapy followed by maintenance with hydroquinone (HQ) and non-HQ skin-lightening agents. Peels have made successful inroads and are used frequently as an adjunct to medical management.  A variety of lasers and light devices are used such as intense pulsed light (IPL), Diode laser 980 nm, which has a full affinity for the dark pigment, achieving a treatment with satisfactory results, LED therapy and a serum complex indicated for this condition.
In our center each client is unique, that is why we design a treatment according to each need.

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